Kilvaree Croft Ewes

Explorations in Fiber and Weaving History

A few years ago I took a Weavers' Guild of Boston workshop on the rare breed sheep of Britain. I was enchanted and, for the assigned project I made an exhaustive internet search for sources of different breeds. One breed I sought was Soay and their history. In the mid 1900's Britain awoke to the fact that some of their breeds were disappearing and did a census, identifying rare and endangered breeds. Among them was the Soay, remaining in a ferral state on a tiny island in the St Kilda group off the west Scottish coast. This tough, primative breed has molting coats that do not need shearing. The story of their tenacious survival is haunting; many breeds have not made it. The photo above is from a video on Kilvaree Croft. Visit the site and also look at their prehistoric reproduction iron age vases and bowls - spare and beautiful.  For more information:  |

Rare Breed Sheep Study

The rare breed sheep workshop alluded to above, given by Margaret Russell, required weaving an article in the yarn of a rare British breed. I chose a blend of Teeswater and Wensleydale, both rated "next-to-skin." A vigorous fulling is needed to make this wool that soft.  I elected to full lightly to keep the original character of the wool while still producing a garment that is comfortable over a shirt.  The accent yarn is burgundy-dyed Gotland.  The weave is Crystal, i.e., Dornick Twill diamonds. 

The photo below is of scoured and conditioned skeins drying.  The wool lightened to white touched faintly with gold, crimpy and lusterous.  The resulting shawl has almost the drape and movement of linen.

Teeswater Skeins Drying

Shawl wraps Gleason Library raven on a winter's day

From the Mountain, Cashmere Yarn

This Chapel Hill, NC, based organization sources unique, handmade, fair trade goods from around the world. From Afghanistan, comes cashmere yarn spun by women who support themselves and their children with this work. Photo, lower right, shows women employing drop spindles which require skill and patience.  The two ply yarns come in four sorted natural colors and three weights.

The spinning project was facilitated by a USAID project to teach men and women goat herders to comb the under coat from the animal yielding the coveted soft fiber, without expensive de-hairing equipment.

Two Scarves
Two extremely cuddly scarves in light weight 2 ply

A sad coda to the project: In 2018 the Taliban took control of the access road out and now it is too dangerous to bring goods out. FMT now hopes for peace sometime in the future.


Two link destinations have moved; note in your bookmarks:
Antique Loom Project
French Canadian Acadian Weaving

Goat Herders Combing Goat

Spinning w/ Drop Spindles

top: USAID News Oct 2009
bottom: FTM website